According to new research published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, consuming particular foods at specific times may help persons with diabetes.
The participants in this study were 4,642 diabetic patients who took part in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to estimate their risk of dying from cardiovascular disease. The participants were monitored for almost two years, during which time 307 of them died of heart disease.
Food was classified into Quantiles based on its distribution over the course of a day, encompassing the morning, afternoon, and evening. The survival association between food intakes over time and mortality was investigated using Cox proportional hazards regression models.
Diabetics who ate potatoes or starchy vegetables in the morning, whole grains in the afternoon, and dark vegetables like greens and broccoli, as well as milk, in the evening had a 45 percent lower chance of dying from heart disease than those who ate less of those foods. Those who ate a lot of processed meat in the evening had a 74% higher chance of dying from heart disease.
“Nutritional guidelines and intervention strategies for diabetes should incorporate the optimal consumption times for foods in the future,” stated Qingrao Song, M.D., of Harbin Medical University. “My recommendation is to decrease the consumption of ultra-processed food and promote the consumption of dietary patterns rich in fruit, vegetables, and whole foods like the Mediterranean dietary pattern,” said Maira Bes-Rastrollo, one of the study’s authors.
The researchers found that eating more potato or starchy vegetables in the morning, whole grains in the afternoon, colorful vegetables and milk in the evening, and less processed meat in the evening were all linked to better long-term diabetes survival.