Dietary decisions and other lifestyle factors can raise the risk of coronary artery disease.
Heart health is crucial to general health because the heart circulates oxygen-rich blood and nutrients throughout the body. Cardiac attacks and other serious heart conditions, such as coronary artery disease, might be aggravated. The causes of coronary artery disease, its risk factors, and preventative measures are continuously being studied by researchers.
In a recent study, it was shown that diets heavy in refined grains, such as white rice, white flour, and white bread, are linked to a higher risk of developing coronary heart disease earlier. They discovered that, in contrast, diets rich in whole grains were linked to a lower risk of early coronary artery disease.
The 13th Emirates Cardiac Society Congress and the American College of Cardiology (ACC) Middle East 2022 will both present the study’s findings.
Cardiologist Dr. Wahaj Aman, who is affiliated with UTHealth Houston Heart & Vascular and Memorial Hermann Katy Hospital but was not involved in the study, explained PCAD:“Premature coronary artery disease or early onset coronary artery disease is defined as plaque build-up (atherosclerosis) in arteries of the heart, reducing blood flow in males less than 45 years of age and females less than 55 years of age. Risk factors include diabetes, obesity, hypertension, high cholesterol, and [a] family history of heart disease or [a] family history of very high cholesterol (familial hypercholesterolemia).”
When the heart’s arteries can’t pump enough oxygen-rich blood there, (CAD) results. It is brought on by the accumulation of plaque in these important arteriesTrusted Source. Serious cardiac issues including heart attacks or heart failure might result from it. How old a person is when they are given a CAD diagnosis affects whether they have premature coronary artery disease (PCAD). Age here is not a dividing line with multiple age ranges provided by many specialists.
In the current investigation, researchers looked at dietary grain intake and the risk for early coronary artery disease. They examined this risk specifically in the Iranian population. More over 2,000 people took part in the trial, including 1,369 people who had early coronary artery disease. These were contrasted with the 1,168 people who made up the control group but did not have early coronary artery disease. Researchers measured individuals’ intake of whole and refined grains using food frequency questionnaires and dietary assessments.
Researchers discovered that eating a lot of refined grains raised the chance of developing coronary artery disease before it should. On the other hand, diets richer in whole grains were linked to a lower risk of acquiring coronary artery disease before their time. The study’s findings serve as a crucial reminder of the connection between food and heart health.
The limitations of this investigation were several. First, the investigation was unable to pinpoint a cause. The study also examined PCAD in a particular demographic, therefore its findings cannot be applied generally.
The results of the study may be confirmed by additional research, which might result in revisions to the dietary advice for some people. To create a diet based on their specific cardiac needs, patients can engage with their doctors and dieticians.