A 5-year study reveals some of the reasons why women are less likely than males to survive cardiac arrest.
Each year, around 6 million people worldwide die as a result of sudden cardiac death (SCA). Additionally, a different study that was released in the European Heart Journal, discovered that women experience SCA with a poorer survival rate than men. This is because they receive less prompt resuscitation intervention from bystanders who notice they are having cardiac arrest.
The study was published in the European Heart Journal.
SCA occurs when an arrhythmia, or abnormal cardiac rhythm, causes the heart’s electrical system to malfunction. As a result, the heart abruptly stops beating. When a coronary artery is blocked, which prevents blood from reaching the heart, a heart attack happens. SCA is distinct in this way. A cardiac arrest, however, both raises the risk of and contributes to SCA.
Since SCA happens so quickly, the initial course of action is typically to phone for emergency medical assistance and perform CPR until help arrives.
Prior investigation shows that the survival rate and neurologic results of the SCA patient are directly impacted by how rapidly CPR is administered.
Differences that exist in sex and female SCA:
According to the ESCAPE-NET study, women who experience an OHCA had a lesser likelihood of being resuscitated than men.
Researchers examined all emergency medical service (EMS)-treated resuscitation attempts in one Dutch province.
After analysing the data, researchers found that even when it was clear they were in cardiac arrest, women with cardiac events were less likely than men to get a bystander effort at resuscitation.
The chances of total survival were identified to be lower for women with OCHA who underwent resuscitation than for men.
Many people believe that cardiac arrest occurs unexpectedly and without notice. Sadly, there are situations when such is the case. However, people frequently have precursor symptoms.
When experiencing symptoms, women are known to put off getting help longer than males. Therefore, individuals are less likely to receive that care when they first experience cardiac symptoms. This makes them more prone to the severe myocardial infarction that results in cardiac arrest.