PCOS stands for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. It is a hormonal disorder that affects women of reproductive age. PCOS is characterized by the presence of cysts in the ovaries, which can cause irregular periods, infertility, and other health issues. Women with PCOS may also experience symptoms such as weight gain, acne, excess hair growth, and mood swings.
It is caused by a hormonal imbalance, which can lead to an excess of androgens (male hormones) in the body. This can disrupt the menstrual cycle and interfere with ovulation. The exact cause is unknown, but factors such as genetics, insulin resistance, and inflammation may play a role.
Treatment for PCOS typically involves managing symptoms and addressing underlying health issues. Lifestyle changes such as exercise and a healthy diet can be beneficial, as can medications to regulate menstrual cycles and lower androgen levels. In some cases, fertility treatments may be necessary to help women with PCOS become pregnant.